Researchers and doctors say you can not have a healthy bowel without a healthy thyroid and vice versa. Both the thyroid gland and the intestine can be restored, but for the therapy to be successful, both areas must be dealt with at the same time. The production of hormones affects the functioning of the intestines, and the intestinal bacterial flora is important for the functioning of the thyroid gland. What is the function of probiotics in the treatment of thyroiditis?
Thyroid gland is a gland located in the front part of the neck and plays an important role in the metabolism, growth and maturation of the human body. Thyroid participates in the regulation of many body functions by releasing a strictly defined amount of hormones into the bloodstream. The amount of hormones produced is continuously adjusted to the body’s needs. For example, during a period of rapid growth, during pregnancy or when it is cold, the body needs more energy and the production of hormones must also be greater.
What are the consequences of too much or too little hormone?
The first type of thyroid dysfunction is manifested by too high hormone production. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. Hepatic overproduction causes symptoms that may include, among others: hot flushes, sweating, tremors, weight loss, diarrhea, hair loss, nervousness, hyperactivity, emotional instability and irritability or fatigue, insomnia and anxiety, problems with potency and increased heart rate.
Thyroid dysfunction may also consist of too low hormone production – then hypothyroidism is involved. When there are not enough hormones in the body, all functions are slowed down. Hypothyroidism can be genetic or can develop throughout life. Hypothyroidism in adults often develops slowly and may go unnoticed for some time. Symptoms of this disease are very similar to the normal signs of aging, and therefore in elderly people the diagnosis of hypothyroidism is often more difficult.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism include: general loss of energy, slowing of metabolism, overweight, fatigue, difficulty concentrating or slowing down, constipation, hypersensitivity to the cold, slow pulse, swelling of the skin, dry skin, harsh voice, brittle hair, loss of sexual desire, depression .
Effect of hormone production on the intestines
Thyroid produces three hormones. T3 and T4 hormones regulate the level of metabolism, optimize calorie burning, heart rate, libido, energy and mood. The third hormone, calcitonin, helps to maintain a healthy level of calcium in the blood. Preferred intestinal bacteria participate in the transformation of a portion of the inactive T4 thyroid hormone back into the active T3 form. Lack of homeostasis in the gut (intestinal dysbiosis) significantly reduces the conversion of thyroid hormones to active T3. This is one of the causes of symptoms of a diseased thyroid, among people with bowel dysfunction. Inflammation of the intestines also reduces the level of T3 by increasing the level of cortisol.
Thyroid hormones also affect the maintenance of the impermeability of the intestine and protect the lining of the intestinal mucosa from the formation of ulceration caused by stress.
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