Degeneration of the macula

Macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that often occurs in the elderly. It is believed that long-term exposure to sunlight may increase the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration. The reason for this situation is the oxidation process under the influence of UV radiation. How to reduce the risk of macular degeneration?

The yellow spot is the central part of the retina, which is responsible for the most precise view of the smallest details. With age, the yellow spot can become thinner and thinner. In extreme cases, it may even lead to blindness. If this condition is not treated, it must be taken into account that loss of vision may occur.

As with all other organs, the macula of the eye is also exposed to free radicals. The susceptibility of the macula to oxidative stress is increased by factors such as high oxygen demand and intense light. The yellow spot is very richly supplied with blood and intense metabolic processes occur in its cells. The demand of cells of this tissue for oxygen and energy is very high and metabolic by-products must be removed extremely effectively and quickly.

A proper diet can supplement the shortage of antioxidants that are necessary for the proper functioning of the macula. It is believed that the most valuable nutrients that improve the functioning of the macula are coenzyme Q10, taurine, alphaliponic acid, lutein, zeaxanthin, zinc, selenium, manganese and copper.

The last discovery is another diet component that can have a significant impact on reducing the risk of senile macular degeneration. Case-control studies conducted in the US have shown a relationship between the increase in the consumption of omega 3 fatty acids and a reduction in the risk of AMD in people whose diet is low in linoleic acid. In addition, eye tests conducted in Australia confirmed the protective effect of n-3 fatty acids among people whose diet contained large amounts of omega 3 fatty acids.

It has also been shown that taking a high dose of antioxidants and zinc can reduce the risk of developing AMD by about 25% and the use of vitamin C, vitamin E and zinc contributes to maintaining good eyesight in the elderly. Although there is no fully proven way to prevent AMD, the use of measures delaying the occurrence of this disease and mitigating its course seems to be a reasonable solution to the problem.

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