Acne in adolescents

Acne is a skin disease that is very common among adolescents. Acne usually disappears before the age of twenty, but you can use various methods to get rid of it earlier. What are the causes of acne? Is acne an inherited disease? How can acne be cured?

Acne arises when the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum. The external symptom of the disease are blackheads and purulent pustules that appear on the face, neck, back and chest. Acne usually occurs during adolescence, both in boys and girls. However, in boys it is more serious than in girls. This is due to the fact that boys have a more oily complexion.

According to current knowledge, acne is not inherited and consists of various skin changes: greasy skin, open and closed comedones, red blemishes, yellow purulent pimples and scars. Some people may develop painful to the touch pimples or cysts that break after some time and their contents are poured out. In areas affected by acne, the skin may be hot, painful and sensitive to touch.

Not all skin blemishes are symptoms of acne. For this reason, any changes on the skin should be consulted with a doctor.

In people susceptible to acne, the accumulation of sebum creates an ideal environment for the reproduction of a bacterium called Propionibacterium Acnes, which occurs on the skin of every human being. This causes inflammation and leads to the formation of red or purulent breakouts. The cause of acne may also be medicines prescribed in connection with another illness or, for example, contraceptives.

Teens should take care of their diet because a balanced diet effectively prevents acne. There are a few myths related to diet and acne. There is no evidence that chocolate, French fries or fatty foods could cause acne. Acne has nothing to do with oily food. The concept that acne is the result of a lack of hygiene is just as absurd.

Can acne be cured?

Currently, there is no effective acne drug, but the available methods can very effectively prevent the formation of new pimples and scars.

Regardless of the cause of acne, it is important to react immediately after its appearance. This prevents scarring and makes it easier to control the situation. If the acne is mild, try out the over-the-counter preparations and dietary supplements first.

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