Menopause is a natural biological process through which every woman passes. Menopause is the end of the fertility period for a woman, but it does not mean losing health, vitality or sexuality for the next several decades. What are the causes of menopause and what are its symptoms?
Menopause – according to current medical knowledge – is a process that means a definitive end to the possibility of getting pregnant. Despite this, there are isolated cases of pregnancy after menopause.
Symptoms and consequences of menopause.
- Irregularity, and then the disappearance of ovulation.
- Mood changes and irritability.
- Hot flushes.
- Depression and anxiety.
- Lowered libido.
- Dryness of the vagina.
- Weight gain.
- Drying of the skin.
- Hair thinning.
- Breast reduction.
- Changes in the uterus, ovaries and cervix.
- Increased risk of osteoporosis, dementia and cardiovascular disease.
Causes of menopause.
The cause of menopause is hormonal changes that occur in a specific period of life. Physical changes in the body relate to the ability of the ovaries to produce hormones responsible for reproductive functions, including gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estrogen, progesterone and testosterone.
Menopause is a complicated process. However, the most recognizable sign of menopause is a reduction in the amount of ovarian follicles that causes a reduction in the amount of estrogen. Estrogen levels begin to fall about 1 year before menopause, usually around the age of 30-40 years in the woman’s life.
The weakening of the functioning of the ovaries causes disorders not only in the reproductive sphere, but also causes other physical and psychological ailments. Symptoms that accompany menopause may vary in severity, depending on individual predispositions and overall health.